The Grand Mufti’s Fatwas:
🙂 Grand Hypocrite, Grand Liar, Grand Muslim 🙂
This post provides the main points of the apostasy fatwas written by the chief scholar of the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute, Shaykh Sa‘id Hijjawi. More bio info can be found here.
Shaykh Said Hijjawi is one of the leading jurists of the Middle East and has participated in high-level, international interfaith dialogue meetings with Christians. The Shaykh is a prominent signatory to the open letter, A Common Word Between Us and You, which is addressed to Christians around the world.
Many Christians perceive Islamic outreach to the Western world, like A Common Word, as a good faith effort toward reconciliation between the two faiths. Others of us have become knowledgeable of sharia and are quite skeptical of such publicized ‘outreach efforts’ from Islamic leaders. Given his written fatwas, calling for the death of former Muslims, we perceive the Grand Shaykh to be a Great Fake.
The following is an excerpt from an article by Mark Durie: Verses of the Qur’an, as well as hadiths (traditions) of Muhammad are cited by the Grand Mufti to support his rulings: some of these authorities are reproduced below.The pronoun ‘he’ is used to refer to the apostate (a Muslim, who rejects Islam), following the Arabic, although the penalties apply to both men and women):
Whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it shall not be acceptedfrom him and in the Hereafter he shall be among the losers. (Sura 3:58)
- Apostasy must be proved by the actions or declarations of belief of the apostate.
- To be declared an apostate, someone must be an adult (having attained puberty), and be in their right mind.
- Someone who is coerced to renounce Islam overtly, while remaining a believer in their heart, cannot be declared to be an apostate:
Whoever disbelieves in God after [having affirmed] his faith — except for him who is compelled, while his heart is at rest in faith — but he who opens up his breast to unbelief, upon such shall be wrath from God, and there is a great chastisement for them. (Sura 16:106)
- Before an apostate is sentenced, he must be invited to repent and come back to Islam:
Say to the disbelievers, that if they desist, that which is past will be forgiven them; but if they return, the way of [dealing with] the ancients has already gone before! (Sura 8:38)
The punishment for apostasy is death, mandated by Allah when he said ‘sedition (fitna) is graver than slaying’:
They ask you about the sacred month, and fighting in it. Say, ‘Fighting in it is a grave thing; but to bar from God’s way, and disbelief in Him, and the Sacred Mosque, and to expel its people from it – that is graver in God’s sight; and sedition is graver than slaying.’ They will not cease to fight against you until they turn you from your religion if they are able; and whoever of you turns from his religion, and dies disbelieving – their works have failed in this world and the Hereafter. Those are the inhabitants of the Fire, abiding therein. (Sura 2:217)
- The death penalty is also supported by clear sayings of Muhammad (hadiths):
- The prophet said ‘Whoever changes his religion, kill him.’
- Muhammad gave three reasons for which the killing of a Muslim is a legal act: infidelity after belief, adultery after marriage, and murder (defined as the illegal killing of another).
- The sentence for apostasy must be passed by the Muslim ruler.
If the apostate is not put to death, other rules apply:
- His marriage is annulled by virtue of his apostasy.
- He cannot inherit the wealth of any of his relatives – whether they are Muslims or not – because the apostate is legally regarded as dead.
- None of his actions after apostasy has any legal validity (as the apostate is a legal non-person).
- An apostate cannot be remarried, whether to a Muslim or a non-Muslim.
- He cannot be a guardian for anyone else, so he loses custody of his children, and an apostate father has no say over his daughters’ marriages.
Those who wait in watch for you, and, if a victory comes to you from God, say, ‘Were we not with you?’ but if the disbelievers have some luck, they say, ‘Did we not gain mastery over you, and did we not defend you against the believers?’ God will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection, and God will never grant the disbelievers a way over the believers. (Sura 4:141)
- An apostate must not be prayed for by Muslims after their death, and must not be buried in a Muslim cemetery.
- If a male apostate repents and comes back to Islam, and wishes to resume his marriage, he must remarry his wife with a new ceremony, and provide a new dowry for her.
- The apostate’s wealth and possessions are to be entailed upon an heir. If the apostate repents and returns to Islam, he receives his wealth back. If he dies while still apostate, his wealth is inherited by his Muslim heir, but only the amount which he had at the time of his apostasy. Any wealth which has accrued after he left Islam is considered fay (and thus the collective property of the Muslim community).
Mark’s entire article can be read here.